Table 3

Brief summary of SSF experiments carried out on both hexose and pentose sugars.

Raw material

Type of pretreatment

Amount of solids

Detoxification

Temp (°C)

Strain

Cultivation on hydrolyzate

Final ethanol conc. (g L-1)

Ethanol yield (%) 1

Mode of operation 2

Year and reference


Barley straw

Steam

7.5% WIS

No

35

S. cerevisiae TMB3400

Yes

22.0

63

Batch

2007 [155]

Wheat straw

Steam

7% WIS

No

34

S. cerevisiae TMB3400

Yes

32.9

75

Batch

2008 [113]

Wheat straw

Steam

7% WIS

No

34

S. cerevisiae TMB3400

Yes

34.7

78

Fed-batch

2008 [113]

Wheat straw

Steam

9% WIS

No

34

S. cerevisiae TMB3400

Yes

33.2

59

Batch

2008 [113]

Wheat straw

Steam

9% WIS

No

34

S. cerevisiae TMB3400

Yes

38.1

71

Fed-batch

2008 [113]

Sugar cane bagasse

Steam

7.5% WIS

No

32

S. cerevisiae TMB3400

Yes

26.7

59 *

Batch

2008 [128]

Sugar cane bagasse

Steam

7.5% WIS

No

35

P. stipitis CBS6054

Yes

19.5

43 *

Batch

2008 [128]

Corn stover

Steam

10% WIS

No

35

S. cerevisiae TMB3400

Yes

30.3

54

Batch

2006 [112]

Corn stover

Steam

11% WIS

No

35

S. cerevisiae TMB3400

Yes

36.8

59

Fed-batch

2006 [112]


1. Based on maximal theoretical ethanol yield on available hexoses and pentoses (in most cases glucose and xylose).

2. Batch and fed-batch refers to SSF in bioreactor/fermenter.

Olofsson et al. Biotechnology for Biofuels 2008 1:7   doi:10.1186/1754-6834-1-7

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